All ANSI-Accredited Standards Developers are required to offer a procedural appeals process, as stipulated in Essential Requirements 1.8 and 2.8.1
Specifically, prior to final submittal by the ASD to ANSI of evidence of procedural compliance in support of the approval of a candidate standard as an ANS, unresolved objectors (public review commenters and voters) must be notified in writing by the standards developer of their right to file a procedural appeal with the standards developer related to the candidate standard.
Participants who are unable to resolve their concerns informally and then via the standards developer’s appeals process may also file an appeal with the appropriate ANSI program oversight committee, as stipulated in Essential Requirements 2.8.2
Interested parties may comment and object in writing to a particular candidate American National Standard project at the PINS stage; however, the ANSI Essential Requirements do not require that there be a right to appeal an issue at that early stage. Later, when a draft standard is subjected to public review in ANSI Standards Action and through the ASD's other publication mechanisms, and consensus body vote, all directly and materially interested parties have the opportunity to submit written comments to the sponsoring ANSI-accredited standards developer. Such votes and comments must be reviewed and objections must be responded to in writing in accordance with a developer’s accredited procedures and the ANSI Essential Requirements.
Appeals to the ANSI Board of Standards Review (BSR) are related to procedural issues only. The ANSI BSR does not evaluate appeals related to the technical content of a standard; however, the BSR does consider whether technical issues were afforded due process. (The BSR also does not hear appeals related to standards approved as ANS by Audited Designators; such complaints are adjudicated by the ANSI Executive Standards Council (ExSC).)
If the ANSI BSR approves a candidate standard as an ANS, then those on record as having concluded a procedural appeal at the standards developer level are notified by ANSI of their right to file a procedural appeal with the ANSI BSR.
Typically, an appeal to the ANSI ExSC of a standards developer’s accreditation is made within 15 working days of notification of the ANSI ExSC's decision to accredit (or reaccredit). This is because those who commented during the accreditation application process are notified by ANSI of their right to appeal the ExSC’s decision. However, an appeal by a materially affected party of a developer's accreditation status including their procedures and the implementation of them may be made at any time. Generally the ANSI ExSC's expectation is that such an appeal would only be filed after some attempt by both parties to articulate and address an objector's concerns has been made and documented. Except in the case of Audited Designators, all appeals filed with the ANSI ExSC are heard via an in person hearing before a panel of ANSI ExSC Members.
Appeals decisions issued by the ANSI ExSC (accreditation-related appeals, Audited Designator complaints) and by the ANSI BSR (ANS approval or denial decisions) may be finally appealed to the ANSI Appeals Board. The ANSI Appeals Board process, governed by the Appeals Board Operating Procedures, has three phases: